Farfield Group Practice - First Aid for Minor Injuries

This section gives help & advice for first aid of minor injuries like burns, scalds, wounds, bleeding, & other everyday injuries.

First Aid for Minor Injuries

This section is to give your patients information regarding treating minor injuries like cuts, bruises, strains, etc. You could either link to the NHS Direct or Choices databases as with the Minor Illnesses section, or you could post the information on your website, as below:

Minor Cuts & Grazes:

Clean the wound thoroughly with soap & water, then apply firm pressure for around 5 minutes. This will stop most bleeding, a clean dressing like a plaster or bandage can then be applied.

Minor Burns:

Immediately submerge the area in cold water until the pain subsides. This can take 10 to 15 minutes, but is essential to minimise the damage done to the burned tissue. Unbroken blisters should be covered by a loose dry dressing & should not be broken. Blisters where the skin is broken, or large burns should be seen by a Doctor or Nurse, or by your local Accident & Emergency Unit.

Nose Bleeds:

Nose bleeds can appear very dramatic but are usually not serious. Apply firm pressurewith finger & thumb below the nose for 10 minutes to stop the bleeding, be careful afterwards not to dislodge the clot.


You should always use a high factor sun cream, especially on children or if you have fair skin, since more sensitive skin can burn very rapidly. Cool burnt skin with cold water then apply aftersun lotion, paracetemol or similar medication may be helpful in reducing soreness & discomfort.

For severe sunburn please refer to your GP or your local A&E.

Head Injuries:

Minor knocks or bumps can be treated with a cold, damp cloth. Seek advice from your GP or Accident & Emergency immediately if the person exhibits unconsciousness, double vision, drowsiness, confusion, or vomiting.


Elevate the effected limb and apply a cold compress like crushed ice or frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel or similar cloth for 15 to 20 minutes. The application of a firm bandage or compression bandage may help to ease the strain, the strain should then be rested. It may take several weeks to fully recover.